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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 1-9

Distraction osteogenesis: A review of the literature

Department of Orthopedics, Centre for Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anirejuoritse Bafor
Department of Orthopedics, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Suite T2E-A2700, Columbus, Ohio 43205
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/njot.njot_2_20

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Distraction osteogenesis has been one of the most remarkable achievements in musculoskeletal surgery. It is the sheet anchor for the process of limb lengthening and internal bone transport as well as gradual deformity correction. It has revolutionised the management of limb deficiencies and bone loss. Since its conception over a 100 years ago, it has gone through several stages of evolution brought on by an increasing understanding of the underlying principles that govern the successful application of the concept as well as technological advancements in the field of limb reconstruction surgery. The result of this has been a significantly changing outlook for many musculoskeletal conditions. This review looks at the historical perspectives of this concept, noting the contributions of the pioneers in this field of surgery. Its evolution and the principles governing the various aspects of distraction osteogenesis are discussed in detail. The various methods in use today and its application in modern-day orthopaedics are also critically reviewed.

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